Veg Biryani Recipe: A Flavorful Journey to Perfect Vegetable Dum Biryani


Veg Biryani, also known as Vegetable Biryani, is a beloved and aromatic Indian dish that combines fragrant basmati rice, colorful vegetables, and a medley of spices to create a symphony of flavors. This dish is a popular choice for celebrations and family gatherings, as it is not only delicious but also visually appealing. In this article, we’ll take you on a culinary journey to prepare a delectable Veg Biryani that’s sure to impress your taste buds and guests.


For the Rice:

  • 1 cup long-grain Basmati rice
  • 2 cups water
  • 1 bay leaf
  • 2-3 green cardamom pods
  • 2-3 cloves
  • 1-inch cinnamon stick
  • Salt to taste

For the Vegetable Layer:

  • 2 cups mixed vegetables (carrots, peas, beans, cauliflower)
  • 2 tablespoons ghee (clarified butter) or oil
  • 1 large onion, thinly sliced
  • 1/2 cup plain yogurt
  • 1 teaspoon ginger-garlic paste
  • 1/2 teaspoon red chili powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon turmeric powder
  • 1 teaspoon garam masala
  • Salt to taste
  • Fresh coriander leaves for garnish

For Assembling:

  • Saffron strands soaked in 2 tablespoons warm milk (optional, for color)
  • Ghee or oil for greasing
  • Fried onions (optional, for garnish)


Preparing the Rice:

  1. Wash the Basmati rice thoroughly under running water until the water runs clear.
  2. In a large pot, bring 2 cups of water to a boil. Add the washed rice, bay leaf, green cardamom pods, cloves, cinnamon stick, and salt.
  3. Cook the rice on medium heat until it is 70-80% cooked (still slightly firm to the bite). Be careful not to overcook it, as it will continue cooking during the dum (steaming) process. Drain the rice and set it aside.

Preparing the Vegetable Layer:

  1. In a large, heavy-bottomed pan or Dutch oven, heat 2 tablespoons of ghee or oil over medium heat.
  2. Add the thinly sliced onions and sauté until they turn golden brown and crispy. Remove half of the fried onions and set them aside for garnish.
  3. To the remaining onions in the pan, add ginger-garlic paste and sauté for a minute until the raw aroma disappears.
  4. Add the mixed vegetables and sauté for 3-4 minutes until they start to soften.
  5. Add red chili powder, turmeric powder, garam masala, and salt. Mix well.
  6. Stir in the plain yogurt and cook for a few more minutes until the vegetables are coated with the spiced yogurt mixture. Cook until the vegetables are nearly cooked but still retain their crunch.

Assembling and Dum Cooking:

  1. Grease the bottom of a heavy-bottomed pan or a biryani pot with ghee or oil.
  2. Spread half of the partially cooked rice evenly in the bottom of the pan.
  3. Layer the vegetable mixture over the rice.
  4. Add the remaining rice on top of the vegetables.
  5. Drizzle the saffron-infused milk over the rice for a beautiful color (optional).
  6. Sprinkle the reserved fried onions on top.
  7. Cover the pan with a tight-fitting lid or seal it with dough to trap the steam (dum). Cook on low heat for 20-25 minutes or until the rice is fully cooked and aromatic.
  8. Once done, gently fluff the Veg Biryani with a fork, mixing the layers.
  9. Garnish with fresh coriander leaves and serve your aromatic and flavorful Vegetable Biryani hot with raita (yogurt dip) or a side salad.


Veg Biryani is a testament to the rich culinary heritage of India, offering a tantalizing blend of flavors and textures. This recipe, with its layers of fragrant rice and spicy vegetables, is a delicious way to enjoy the essence of Indian cuisine in the comfort of your own home. Whether you’re cooking for a special occasion or simply craving a satisfying meal, this Vegetable Biryani is a perfect choice that’s sure to delight your palate and leave you craving for more.

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